From 2008 to COVID-19, currency market volatility trended down. Volatility was elevated in 2015-2017 after its 2014 record low (measured by CVIX), but this fit within the trend, as December 2019 levels tested the previous record. This trend can be attributed to: convergence in the drivers of currency value like growth and inflation aligned monetary …read more
The economic effects of COVID-19 have triggered many questions regarding price dynamics in the aftermath of the pandemic Inflation is affected by many domestic and foreign factors, which often differ between countries. CPI inflation is the most common measure of inflation but is it the most accurate or useful? The COVID-19 pandemic has caused substantial …read more
The Bank of England’s chief economist Andy Haldane suggested recently that changes in labour market structure in the UK have led to a flattening of the Phillips Curve
In this blog, we discuss the plausibility of this argument applied to a global context over a longer time horizon
Does the collapse in the participation rate represent slack, or just demographics? How many can be brought back in to the labour force? We present a detailed dissection of the American population ‘not in employment’, and the reality of getting them back to work.
The US dollar is at an inflection point. Can the dollar’s cycle continue in the face of convergent economic fundamentals and central bank coordination?
Following the attempted coup in Turkey on 15th July, we examine afresh the pressure points in the Turkish economy, and note three themes investors will be watching with interest.
In response to almost a decade of QE and with little discernible effect, central bankers have resorted to negative interest rates. What is the zero lower bound and will below zero rates have the desired effect?
If negative interest rates fail to halt deflationary momentum, could more extreme options such as ‘helicopter money’ be a viable next step?
• Does the recent weakness and volatility in the CNH spot and short-tenor forward market herald a new era of Chinese capital outflows?
• Has the SNB reached the Zero Lower Bound? After last week’s ECB deposit rate cut, we assess the likelihood of further accommodative monetary policy in Switzerland.
• By applying a Taylor Rule approach to reveal the SNB’s own estimate of the neutral real interest rate, we estimate that there is indeed room for further interest rate cuts, especially as domestic Swiss real interest rates are still moderately elevated.
• The US has had a long standing concern about what it perceives to be excessive “currency manipulation” on the part of some countries, especially in Asia. This concern is primarily driven by the large and persistent US current account deficit, which will necessitate significant relative currency adjustments for it to at least begin to unwind.
• A problem with this view emanating from US officialdom is that the pass-through effects between currency movements and domestic inflation in the US has been shown to be weak, thus making the process of adjustment more drawn out at best, and ineffective at worst.